Opium Production In Mexico And The Middle East Skyrockets Along With Heroin Use In America
A triangle reflects the increased Mexico and Middle East production of opium, culminating in the tip of the triangle in the United States with escalating heroin use. Opium poppies are everywhere in Mexico, particularly in the small villages of a town named Guerrero, where fields of flowers are exceedingly visible. Opium plants are formed into paste and moved along established drug routes to become the basis of heroin production worldwide, with a pit stop in Mexico to become synthetic opiates with additives. Grams of opium paste, approximately 300 are believed to yield roughly 300 dollars on a daily basis in Mexico with farmers receiving almost 1,000 dollars per kilo for their farming efforts. Traditionally, heroin is brownish in color, but white opium paste is creating a high white grade commodity. The paste is smuggled out of the mountains into cities, locally and internationally reaching small labs for heroin production. When production completes it is moved on persons, in cars, and all modes of transportation for U.S. and global consumption. Launching from poor farmers managed by Mexican cartels, with Sinaloa cartel cultivations, throughout the supply chain, heroin is a multibillion dollar business that breathes cash in the global economy, legally as morphine and illegally despite meadow herbicide sprayings by government helicopters.
Demand for opium continues in the Middle East, with Afghanistan leading production and setting record levels. There were an estimated 4,000 tons reported in 2012, but experts believe the number to be over 6,000 tons based upon historical cultivation. The United Nations changed the methodology used to calculate opium and heroin production in 2010, which is believed to reflect falsely lower numbers. Production of opium and heroin creates billions of dollars for criminals, terrorist extremists, and local business persons. After the American invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, United Nations' records indicated that opium markets flourished, with increasingly higher prices resulting in 10 times the 2000 price. Tonnage increased to 3,400 tons in 2002, under U.S. sponsorship and occupation from under 200 tons. President Hamid Karzai was the face of Afghanistan regime, a participant in major oil companies of the United States and served as a United Nation's consultant for Taliban negotiations and activities. Researchers confirm that Afghan narcotic operations represent elements of U.S. foreign policy support, CIA partnership, and terrorist actions.
High production of both drugs has created increasingly alarming levels of American use. According to a 2012 national survey on drug abuse, almost 700,000 persons aged 18 to 25 reported using heroin in 2011. Heroin use impacts society, not just the user. Heroin is addictive and illegal, as well as destructive to communities, disrupting every type of environment, including family settings, workplaces, and schools and colleges with consequences such as HIV/AIDS, fetal defects, hepatitis, crime, and other devastating impacts. Heroin costs are estimated to be billions of dollars annually. Typically smoked or snorted, as well as dissolved and injected into veins, muscles, and under the skin, heroin has become the drug of choice over prescription drugs due to availability and low costs. Heroin provides pleasure in the human body by entering the brain and creating a sense of pleasure or rush as defined by users. Warm flushing occurs on the skin, the mouth becomes dry and the body starts to feel slightly heavy, often followed by vomiting, itching, or nausea. Eventually drowsiness, slow heart rates, clouded mental thinking and very slow breathing happens after use. Use can lead to a coma, permanent brain damage, an overdose or even death, along with physical dependency of higher drug quantities. This results in brain imbalances and deterioration as well as withdrawal symptoms if drug use is stopped or long intervals occur between doses. Getting and taking heroin becomes the main driver and focus of the user in back alleys, on city streets, suburbia cul-de-sacs, and in office buildings.